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Plant Splitting: Unlocking the Secret to a Flourishing Garden

A beautiful and healthy garden isn't just about planting and watering; it's also about good gardening habits like plant splitting or division. This often overlooked practice involves dividing plants into multiple sections to keep them healthy, vibrant, and multiplying. Let's delve into why, when, and how to split plants to nurture your garden's growth.

Why Split & Divide Your Plants?

Plant splitting isn't just about giving your plants more space; it's about promoting their overall health. Overgrown plants benefit from improved airflow and increased room for growth. Plus, this process offers you the perk of acquiring new plants for other garden areas, saving both money and trips to the garden center.

planting bulbs

Timing Is Key

Determining when to split your plants is crucial and depends on the plant type and your local climate. Perennials and bulbs are often prime candidates for splitting, while plants with taproots might need different propagation methods.

Most plants benefit from splitting every 3-5 years, typically in spring or fall. Spring and summer bloomers are often divided in fall, while others prefer spring division. However, specific plants might have different needs, so research their guidelines accordingly.

Dividing: The Process

  • Preparation: Before division, ensure optimal soil conditions at the new location and water appropriately to prevent transplant shock.

  • Digging and Separation: Using a shovel, carefully dig up the entire plant, trying to preserve the root ball. Depending on the plant's size, divide it into multiple sections. For some plants, gently pulling roots apart suffices, while others might need a sharp tool to separate them.

  • Trimming and Replanting: Shake off excess soil, remove dead growth, and consider lightly trimming the top growth before replanting. Though it may seem harsh, splitting plants actually benefits their growth.

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Plants Ideal for Spring Splitting

Some flowering plants thrive when divided in the spring:

  • Hosta

  • Black Eyed Susans

  • Asters

  • Coneflower

  • Daisy

  • Garden Phlox

And many, many more


Plant splitting is a simple yet rewarding practice for maintaining plant health and expanding your garden's beauty. By understanding the timing and process, you can ensure a flourishing garden year after year.

Start exploring the world of plant splitting to unlock the secret to a thriving garden landscape!

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